Max Bill
zwei umschlossene quadrate, 1971

Max Bill – architect, designer, painter, sculptor, contemporary commentator and lecturer – defined concrete art as being ultimately “the pure expression of harmonic dimensions and laws”. He called for a mathematical approach to creative design in order to maintain controllable results. Bill was a member of the circle of ›Zurich Concrete‹ artists, alongside Camille Graeser, Verena Loewensberg and Richard Paul Lohse. Bill had studied at the Bauhaus under Schlemmer, Kandinsky and Klee. The essential feature of Max Bill’s entire oeuvre is mathematically precise work with geometric elements of order. Two principles of his art are the creation of rhythm in an enclosed surface or shape, and instilling the static condition of rest with dynamism. In the vertical format of two enclosed squares six colored lines of the same length intersect at right angles on a white ground, creating two colored squares, enclosed and set one above the other. The white background color acts as an integrating, active element, allowing a continuing visual slide between figure and ground.

Max Bill

* 1908 Winterthur, CH
† 1994 Berlin, D
Max Bill
quinze variations sur un même thème / 15 variations on one theme, 1935
Lithograph, Ed. 200
Max Bill
doppelfläche mit sechs rechtwinkligen ecken, 1948
Max Bill
combillation aus 30 gleichen elementen in 6 gruppen, 1986
Polyester reinforced with fiberglas
Max Bill
bildsäulen-dreiergruppe, 1989
Enamel on steel

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quinze variations sur un même thème / 15 variations on one theme, 1935
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